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6 hertwig 
 

Dr. Jana Hertwig

Transformation of the German Armed Forces

Supervisors: Prof. Dr. Adelheid Puttler (Faculty of Law, RUB) and Prof. Dr. Hans-Joachim Heintze (IFHV, RUB)

The habilitation analyses to what extent German law concerning the military, in particular constitutional law
and law of the legal status of military personnel, is adequate or should be modified. The habilitation focuses
especially on the influence of the de-facto transformation of the Bundeswehr on its legal tasks. Since the
end of the Cold War the Bundeswehr has become more engaged in international operations. The study asks
if the Bundeswehr missions, in particular the mission off the coast of Somalia to combat piracy, are
compatible with German law. Piracy is part of organised crime, which the German police is responsible to
combat. However, it is the Bundeswehr, and not the police, that is involved in the Somali piracy mission.


 

 6 rosenow williams  

Dr. Kerstin Rosenow-Williams

An organizational sociology perspective on the migration-climate-change nexus

Supervisors: Prof. Dr. Dennis Dijkzeul (IFHV and Faculty of Social Science, RUB) and Prof. Dr. Ludger Pries
(Faculty of Social Science, RUB)

In the future, climate change will cause even more natural disasters related to extreme rain fall, tidal
floods, storms, heat waves or prolonged droughts. This can result in both sudden-onset and long-term
humanitarian crises. Humanitarian NGOs are often amongst the first responders to help the affected
populations. Today, these NGOs are increasingly faced with the actual occurrence or the potential threat
of climate-induced migration. Such migration itself is not a new phenomenon, but it is expected to increase
in relevance and dimension. So-called climate change refugees are one of the most visibly affected groups
of the global ‘environmental crisis’. The scientific literature on this nexus between migration and climate
change has grown considerably in recent years encouraged by heightened public and political attention to
environmental issues. This project aims to add a new perspective to this research field by studying the
specific responses by Western humanitarian NGOs from an organizational sociological perspective.


 

 6 sezgin  

Dr. Zeynep Sezgin

Legitimacy of Faith-based Humanitarian Organisations in Austria, Germany and Pakistan

Supervisors: Prof. Dr. Dennis Dijkzeul (IFHV and Faculty of Social Science, RUB), Prof. Dr. Ludger Pries
(Faculty of Social Science, RUB) and Prof. Dr. Ilse Lenz (Faculty of Social Science, RUB)

This research project analyses the legitimacy of six faith-based organisations which are headquartered in
Austria and Germany, and are active in Pakistan. It first determines whether and to what extent these
organisations are perceived as legitimate in their transnational organisational environment. Second, it
examines how different types of faith-based organisations respond to complex and sometimes contradictory
internal expectations (i.e. expectations of members) and external expectations (i.e. expectations of
well-established humanitarian NGOs, UN organisations, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent
Movement, governments of the countries in which they are headquartered and the countries where they are
active, local cooperation partners, and beneficiaries of humanitarian activities), and what strategies they use
to gain and maintain legitimacy. Third, it discusses whether intra-organisational characteristics (religious
affiliation, size, resources, and structures) influence their strategies and legitimacy, and how. It applies the
resource-dependence approach, neo-institutionalism, transnationalism, and associational theory to answer
these questions.